CMS covers autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) only for patients who have chronic non-healing diabetic, pressure, and/or venous wounds and when all the following conditions are met:
The patient is enrolled in a clinical research study that addresses the following questions using validated and reliable methods of evaluation. Clinical study applications for coverage pursuant to this National Coverage Determination (NCD) must be received by August 2, 2014.
The clinical research study must meet the requirements specified below to assess the effect of PRP for the treatment of chronic non-healing diabetic, pressure, and/or venous wounds. The clinical study must address:
Prospectively, do Medicare beneficiaries that have chronic non-healing diabetic, pressure, and/or venous wounds who receive well-defined optimal usual care along with PRP therapy, experience clinically significant health outcomes compared to patients who receive well-defined optimal usual care for chronic non-healing diabetic, pressure, and/or venous wounds as indicated by addressing at least one of the following:
- complete wound healing;
- ability to return to previous function and resumption of normal activities; or
- reduction of wound size or healing trajectory, which results in the patient’s ability to return to previous function and resumption of normal activities?
The study of PRP must adhere to the following standards of scientific integrity and relevance to the Medicare population:
- The principal purpose of the research study is to test whether PRP improves the participants’ health outcomes.
- The research study is well supported by available scientific and medical information or it is intended to clarify or establish the health outcomes of interventions already in common clinical use.
- The research study does not unjustifiably duplicate existing studies.
- The research study design is appropriate to answer the research question being asked in the study.
- The research study is sponsored by an organization or individual capable of executing the proposed study successfully.
- The research study is in compliance with all applicable Federal regulations concerning the protection of human subjects found at 45 CFR Part 46.
- All aspects of the research study are conducted according to appropriate standards of scientific integrity set by the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org).
- The research study has a written protocol that clearly addresses, or incorporates by reference, the standards listed here as Medicare requirements for coverage with evidence development (CED).
- The research study is not designed to exclusively test toxicity or disease pathophysiology in healthy individuals. Trials of all medical technologies measuring therapeutic outcomes as one of the objectives meet this standard only if the disease or condition being studied is life threatening as defined in 21 CFR §312.81(a) and the patient has no other viable treatment options.
- The research study is registered on the ClinicalTrials.gov website by the principal sponsor/investigator prior to the enrollment of the first study subject.
- The research study protocol specifies the method and timing of public release of all pre-specified outcomes to be measured including release of outcomes if outcomes are negative or study is terminated early. The results must be made public within 24 months of the end of data collection. If a report is planned to be published in a peer-reviewed journal, then that initial release may be an abstract that meets the requirements of the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (http://www.icmje.org). However, a full report of the outcomes must be made public no later than three (3) years after the end of data collection.
- The research study protocol must explicitly discuss subpopulations affected by the treatment under investigation, particularly traditionally underrepresented groups in clinical studies, how the inclusion and exclusion criteria effect enrollment of these populations, and a plan for the retention and reporting of said populations on the trial. If the inclusion and exclusion criteria are expected to have a negative effect on the recruitment or retention of underrepresented populations, the protocol must discuss why these criteria are necessary.
- The research study protocol explicitly discusses how the results are or are not expected to be generalizable to the Medicare population to infer whether Medicare patients may benefit from the intervention. Separate discussions in the protocol may be necessary for populations eligible for Medicare due to age, disability or Medicaid eligibility.
Consistent with §1142 of the Social Security Act (the Act), the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) supports clinical research studies that CMS determines meet the above-listed standards and address the above-listed research questions.
Any clinical study undertaken pursuant to this NCD must be approved no later than August 2, 2014. If there are no approved clinical studies on or before August 2, 2014, this CED will expire. Any clinical study approved will adhere to the timeframe designated in the approved clinical study protocol. To view the entire Decision Memo for Autologous Blood-Derived Products for Chronic Non-Healing Wounds (CAG-00190R3) please click here >>References:
Decision Memo for Autologous Blood-Derived Products for Chronic Non-Healing Wounds (CAG-00190R3) (2012, August 2). Retrieved from http://www.cms.gov/medicare-coverage-database/details/nca-decision-memo.aspx?NCAId=260